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Flower-Sprecher Veterinary Library

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PubMed Search for Comprehensive Veterinary Topics

The following search string can be used in PubMed for a comprehensive veterinary sciences topic search. This list is compliments of Ron Gordner at the National Library of Medicine.


((animals[majr] OR animals/abnormalities[mh] OR animals/anatomy and histology[mh] OR animals/blood[mh] OR animals/cerebrospinal fluid[mh] OR animals/classification[mh] OR animals/drug effects[mh] OR animals/embryology[mh] OR animals/cytology[mh] OR animals/enzymology[mh] OR animals/growth and development[mh] OR animals/immunology[mh] OR animals/injuries[mh] OR animals/metabolism[mh] OR animals/microbiology[mh] OR animals/physiology[mh] OR animals/psychology[mh] OR animals/radiation effects[mh] OR animals/surgery[mh] OR animals/urine[mh] OR animals/virology[mh] OR behavior, animal[mh] OR hermaphroditic organisms[mh] OR animal structures[majr] NOT insects[mh] AND animals[mh:noexp]) OR (animal assisted therapy[mh] OR animals/genetics[mh] OR cattle [majr] OR parasitology[majr] OR genetics[majr] OR venoms[mh] OR bites and stings[mh] OR poisoning[mh] OR rabies[mh] OR rabies virus[mh] OR rabies vaccine[mh] OR wounds and injuries[mh] OR wound healing[mh] AND animals[mh:noexp] AND vertebrates[mh]) OR ((animal population groups[mh] OR chordata[mh] OR invertebrates[mh] NOT insects[mh]) AND plants, genetically modified[mh] AND animals[mh:noexp]) OR abattoirs[mh] OR anatomy, veterinary[mh] OR animal diseases[mh] OR animal experimentation[mh] OR animal feed[mh] OR animal husbandry[majr] OR animal identification system[mh] OR animal nutrition physiology[mh] OR animal nutrition sciences[mh] OR animal nutrition[mh] OR animal population groups[majr] OR animal technicians[mh] OR animal testing alternatives[mh] OR animal welfare[mh] OR animals, domestic[mh] OR animals/parasitology[mh] OR aquaculture[majr] OR bees[mh] OR bonding, human-pet[mh] OR dairying[majr] OR education, veterinary[mh] OR euthanasia, animal[mh] OR flight, animal[mh] OR hospitals, animal[mh] OR housing, animal[mh] OR legislation, veterinary[mh] OR models, animal[mh] OR working dogs [mh] OR physical conditioning, animal[mh] OR practice management, veterinary[mh] OR pregnancy, animal[mh] OR rumination, digestive[mh] OR sex behavior, animal[mh] OR service animals [mh] OR therapy animals[mh] OR veterinarians[mh] OR veterinary drugs[mh] OR veterinary medicine[mh] OR veterinary[sh] OR (zoonoses[mh] NOT cat scratch disease[mh])) OR (alligator[ti] OR alligators[ti] OR alpaca[ti] OR amphibian[ti] OR amphibians[ti] OR animal[ti] OR animals[ti] OR antelope[ti] OR antelopes[ti] OR anura[ti] OR ape[ti] OR apes[ti] OR apiaries[ti] OR apiary[ti] OR apiculture[ti] OR apis[ti] OR artiodactyla[ti] OR avian[ti] OR bat[ti] OR bats[ti] OR beagle[ti] OR beagles[ti] OR bear[ti] OR bears[ti] OR bee[ti] OR beehive[ti] OR beehives[ti] OR bees[ti] OR bird[ti] OR birds[ti] OR bison[ti] OR bitch[ti] OR bitches[ti] OR boa[ti] OR boas[ti] OR bovine[ti] OR bovines[ti] OR buffalo[ti] OR buffaloes[ti] OR bullfrog[ti] OR bullfrogs[ti] OR bumblebee[ti] OR bumblebees[ti] OR calf[ti] OR calves[ti] OR camel[ti] OR camelidae[ti] OR camels[ti] OR camelus[ti] OR canaries[ti] OR canary[ti] OR ((canine[ti] OR canines[ti]) NOT ((human[tw] OR humans[tw] OR patient[tw] OR patients[tw]) AND (dental[tw] OR teeth[tw] OR tooth[tw] OR mandibular[tw] OR mandible[tw] OR maxillary[tw] OR impacted[tw]))) OR canine digestive tract[tw] OR canine leishmaniosis[tw] OR canine model[tw] OR canis[ti] OR capra[ti] OR carnivora[ti] OR carnivore[ti] OR carnivores[ti] OR carp[ti] OR carps[ti] OR cat [ti] OR catfish[ti] OR catfishes[ti] OR cats[ti] OR cattle[ti] OR cetacea[ti] OR cheetah[ti] OR cheetahs[ti] OR chick[ti] OR chicken[ti] OR chickens[ti] OR chicks[ti] OR chimp[ti] OR chimpanzee[ti] OR chimpanzees[ti] OR chimps[ti] OR chinchilla[ti] OR chinchillas[ti] OR chiroptera[ti] OR clutch size[ti] OR colt[ti] OR colts[ti] OR companion animal[tw] OR companion animals[tw] OR cow[ti] OR cows[ti] OR coyote[ti] OR coyotes[ti] OR cricetinae[ti] OR crocodile[ti] OR crocodiles[ti] OR cub[ti] OR cubs[ti] OR cygnet[ti] OR deer[ti] OR deers[ti] OR dog[ti] OR dogs[ti] OR dolphin[ti] OR dolphins[ti] OR donkey[ti] OR donkeys[ti] OR doves[ti] OR duck[ti] OR duckling[ti] OR ducklings[ti] OR ducks[ti] OR eagle[ti] OR eagles[ti] OR echidna[ti] OR echidnas[ti] OR elephant[ti] OR elephants[ti] OR epizoot*[ti] OR equidae[ti] OR equine[ti] OR equines[ti] OR ewe[ti] OR ewes[ti] OR falcon[ti] OR falcons[ti] OR feline[ti] OR felis[ti] OR ferret[ti] OR ferrets[ti] OR filly[ti] OR fillies[ti] OR fish[ti] OR fishes[ti] OR foal[ti] OR foals[ti] OR fowl[ti] OR fox[ti] OR foxes[ti] OR frog[ti] OR frogs[ti] OR gallus[ti] OR geese[ti] OR gerbil[ti] OR gerbils[ti] OR giraffe[ti] OR giraffes[ti] OR goat[ti] OR goats[ti] OR goldfish[ti] OR goldfishes[ti] OR goose[ti] OR gorilla[ti] OR gorillas[ti] OR gosling[ti] OR goslings[ti] OR hamster[ti] OR hamsters[ti] OR hawk[ti] OR hawks[ti] OR heifer[ti] OR heifers[ti] OR hen[ti] OR hens[ti] OR herd[ti] OR herds[ti] OR herpestidae[ti] OR hinds[ti] OR hippopotami[ti] OR hippopotamidae[ti] OR hippopotamus[ti] OR hog[ti] OR hogs[ti] OR honeybee[ti] OR honeybees[ti] OR hornet[ti] OR hornets[ti] OR horse[ti] OR horses[ti] OR hound[ti] OR hounds[ti] OR hyena[ti] OR hyenas[ti] OR hyraces[ti] OR Hyracoidea[ti] OR hyrax[ti] OR hyraxes[ti] OR ibex[ti] OR iguana[ti] OR iguanas[ti] OR kangaroo[ti] OR kangaroos[ti] OR kennel[ti] OR kennels[ti] OR kitten[ti] OR kittens[ti] OR lagomorpha[ti] OR lamb[ti] OR lambs[ti] OR leopard[ti] OR leopards[ti] OR lion[ti] OR lioness[ti] OR lions[ti] OR litter mate[ti] OR litter mates[ti] OR litter size[ti] OR litter sizes[ti] OR livestock[ti] OR lizard[ti] OR lizards[ti] OR llama[ti] OR llamas[ti] OR mammal[ti] OR mammals[ti] OR manatee[ti] OR manatees[ti] OR mare[ti] OR mares[ti] OR marsupial[ti] OR marsupialia[ti] OR marsupials[ti] OR mice[ti] OR mithun[ti] OR mithuns[ti] OR moles[ti] OR monkey[ti] OR monkeys[ti] OR moose[ti] OR mouse[ti] OR mule[ti] OR mules[ti] OR mus[ti] OR opossum[ti] OR opossums[ti] OR orangutan[ti] OR orangutans[ti] OR oryctolagus[ti] OR ostrich[ti] OR ostriches[ti] OR ovine[ti] OR ovines[ti] OR ovis[ti] OR owl[ti] OR owls[ti] OR panda[ti] OR pandas[ti] OR parakeet[ti] OR parakeets[ti] OR parrot[ti] OR parrots[ti] OR peccaries[ti] OR peccary[ti] OR penguin[ti] OR penguins[ti] OR perissodactyla[ti] OR pet food[ti] OR pet therapy[ti] OR pets[ti] OR pig[ti] OR pigeon[ti] OR pigeons[ti] OR piglet[ti] OR piglets[ti] OR pigs[ti] OR pinnipedia[ti] OR platypus[ti] OR porcine[ti] OR porcupine[ti] OR porcupines[ti] OR porpoise[ti] OR porpoises[ti] OR poultry[ti] OR primate[ti] OR primates[ti] OR proboscidea[ti] OR pronghorn[ti] OR pronghorns[ti] OR pullet[ti] OR pullets[ti] OR puma[ti] OR pumas[ti] OR pup[ti] OR puppies[ti] OR puppy[ti] OR pups[ti] OR python[ti] OR pythons[ti] OR rabbit[ti] OR rabbits[ti] OR (rabid[ti] OR rabies[ti] NOT (human[ti] OR humans[ti])) OR raccoon[ti] OR raccoons[ti] OR ram[ti] OR rams[ti] OR raptor[ti] OR raptors[ti] OR rat[ti] OR rats[ti] OR rattus[ti] OR reindeer[ti] OR reptile[ti] OR reptiles[ti] OR rhinoceros[ti] OR rodent[ti] OR rodents[ti] OR rooster[ti] OR roosters[ti] OR ruminant[ti] OR ruminants[ti] OR scrofa[ti] OR seal[ti] OR seals[ti] OR serpent[ti] OR serpents[ti] OR serpentes[ti] OR shark[ti] OR sharks[ti] OR sheep[ti] OR sirenia[ti] OR sire[ti] OR sires[ti] OR snake[ti] OR snakes[ti] OR song bird[ti] OR song birds[ti] OR songbird[ti] OR songbirds[ti] OR sow[ti] OR sows[ti] OR spider[ti] OR spiders[ti] OR squirrel[ti] OR squirrels[ti] OR stallion[ti] OR stallions[ti] OR sus[ti] OR swan[ti] OR swans[ti] OR swine [ti] OR swines[ti] OR tapir[ti] OR tapirs[ti] OR tarantula[ti] OR tarantulas[ti] OR terrapin[ti] OR terrapins[ti] OR tiger[ti] OR tigers[ti] OR tigress[ti] OR tilapia[ti] OR toad[ti] OR toads[ti] OR tortoise[ti] OR tortoises[ti] OR turtle[ti] OR turtles[ti] OR ursidae[ti] OR veterinarian[tw] OR veterinarians[tw] OR veterinary[tw] OR vole[ti] OR voles [ti] OR walrus[ti] OR walruses[ti] OR wasp[ti] OR wasps[ti] OR whale[ti] OR whales[ti] OR wolf[ti] OR wolves[ti] OR yellow jacket[ti] OR yellow jackets[ti] OR zebra[ti] OR zebras[ti] OR zoo[ti] OR zoonotic[ti] OR zoonoses[ti] OR zoos[ti] NOT (canary[ti] AND mine[ti]) NOT (cart[ti] AND horse[ti]) NOT (bird[ps] OR wolf[ps] OR canary island[ti] OR canary islands[ti] OR cat map[ti] OR cat maps[ti] OR cat scratch[ti] OR chick peas[ti] OR crocodile tears[ti] OR dark horse[ti] OR eagle eye[ti] OR fish oil[ti] OR fish oils[ti] OR gift horse[ti] OR hawk dove[ti] OR horse chestnut[ti] OR horse chestnuts[ti] OR lamb wave[ti] OR lamb waves[ti] OR lamb shift[ti] OR lamb shifts[ti] OR lame duck[ti] OR reap[ti] OR schrodinger[ti] OR swan neck[ti] OR wolf s clothing[ti] OR swan ganz[ti]) AND (jsubsetom[text] OR pubstatusnihms OR pmcbook OR pubstatuspmcsd OR publisher[sb] OR inprocess[sb] OR aheadofprint[sb] OR pubmednotmedline [sb])) OR (animals[majr:noexp] NOT humans[mh] AND jsubsetom[text]) OR (Acta Med Vet Napoli [ta] OR Acta Theriol Warsz [ta] OR Acta Vet Acad Sci Hung [ta] OR Acta Vet Beogr [ta] OR Acta Vet Hung [ta] OR Acta Vet Scand [ta] OR Acta Vet Scand Suppl [ta] OR Acta Zool Pathol Antverp [ta] OR Adv Mar Biol [ta] OR Adv Vet Med [ta] OR Adv Vet Sci [ta] OR Adv Vet Sci Comp Med [ta] OR Altern Lab Anim [ta] OR ALTEX [ta] OR Am J Vet Res [ta] OR Am Zool [ta] OR Anat Histol Embryol [ta] OR Anim Behav [ta] OR Anim Behav Cogn[ta] OR Anim Biotechnol [ta] OR Anim Blood Groups Biochem Genet [ta] OR Anim Cells Syst Seoul [ta] OR Anim Cogn [ta] OR Anim Genet [ta] OR Anim Health Res Rev [ta] OR Anim Learn Behav [ta] OR Anim Microbiome [ta] OR Anim Nutr [ta] OR Anim Prod [ta] OR Anim Reprod [ta] OR Anim Reprod Sci [ta] OR Anim Sci J [ta] OR Anim Technol [ta] OR Anim Welf [ta] OR Animal [ta] OR Animal Model Exp Med[ta] OR Animals Basel [ta] OR Ann Biol Anim Biochim Biophys [ta] OR Ann Genet Sel Anim [ta] OR Ann Rech Vet [ta] OR Annu Rev Anim Biosci[ta] OR APDT Chron Dog [ta] OR Appl Anim Behav Sci [ta] OR Aquaculture [ta] OR Aquat Toxicol [ta] OR Arch Anim Breed [ta] OR Arch Anim Nutr [ta] OR Arch Exp Veterinarmed [ta] OR Arch Tierernahr [ta] OR Arch Vet Ital [ta] OR Arch Vet Pol [ta] OR Argos [ta] OR Asian Australas J Anim Sci [ta] OR ATLA Abstr [ta] OR Aust J Zool [ta] OR Aust Vet J [ta] OR Avian Biol Res [ta] OR Avian Dis [ta] OR Avian Pathol [ta] OR Beitr Trop Landwirtsch Veterinarmed [ta] OR Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr [ta] OR Berl Tierarztl Wochenschr [ta] OR BMC Vet Res [ta] OR Br Poult Sci [ta] OR Br Vet J [ta] OR Bull Acad Vet Fr [ta] OR Bull Anim Health Prod Afr [ta] OR Bull Epizoot Dis Afr [ta] OR Bull Off Int Epizoot [ta] OR Cah Med Vet [ta] OR Can J Comp Med [ta] OR Can J Comp Med Vet Sci [ta] OR Can J Vet Res [ta] OR Can J Zool [ta] OR Can Vet J [ta] OR Canine Genet Epidemiol [ta] OR Canine Med Genet [ta] OR Canine Pract [ta] OR Cas Cesk Vet [ta] OR Case Rep Vet Med [ta] OR Cattle Pract [ta] OR Clin Tech Small Anim Pract [ta] OR Clin Vet Milano [ta] OR Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis [ta] OR Comp Med [ta] OR Compend Contin Educ Vet [ta] OR Contemp Top Lab Anim Sci [ta] OR Cornell Vet [ta] OR Curr Protoc Mouse Biol[ta] OR Dis Aquat Organ [ta] OR Domest Anim Endocrinol [ta] OR Dongwuxue Yanjiu [ta] OR Dtsch Tierarztl Wochenschr [ta] OR Equine Vet Educ [ta] OR Equine Vet J [ta] OR Equine Vet J Suppl [ta] OR Eur J Wildl Res [ta] OR Exp Anim [ta] OR Feline Pract [ta] OR Fish Physiol Biochem [ta] OR Fish Shellfish Immunol [ta] OR Folia Vet Lat [ta] OR Folia Veterinaria [ta] OR Food Sci Anim Resour [ta] OR Fortschr Tierphysiol Tierernahr [ta] OR Fortschr Zool [ta] OR Front Vet Sci[ta] OR Front Zool [ta] OR Genet Sel Evol [ta] OR Hist Med Vet [ta] OR ILAR J [ta] OR ILAR News[ta] OR In Pract [ta] OR In Vitro Cell Dev Biol Anim [ta] OR Indian J Anim Sci [ta] OR J Anim Sci Biotechnol [ta] OR J Anim Sci Technol [ta] OR Indian Vet J [ta] OR Int J Study Anim Probl [ta] OR Int J Vet Sci Med [ta] OR Int Wildl [ta] OR Integr Comp Biol [ta] OR Iowa State Univ Vet [ta] OR Ir Vet J [ta] OR Iran J Vet Res [ta] OR Isr J Zool [ta] OR ISRN Vet Sci [ta] OR J Adv Vet Anim Res [ta] OR J Am Anim Hosp Assoc [ta] OR J Am Assoc Lab Anim Sci [ta] OR J Am Vet Med Assoc [ta] OR J Anim Breed Genet [ta] OR J Anim Ecol [ta] OR J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr Berl [ta] OR J Anim Sci [ta] OR J Appl Anim Welf Sci [ta] OR J Appl Poult Res [ta] OR J Aquat Anim Health [ta] OR J Avian Biol [ta] OR J Avian Med Surg [ta] OR J Comp Pathol [ta] OR J Dairy Res [ta] OR J Dairy Sci [ta] OR J Equine Vet Sci [ta] OR J Exp Anim Sci [ta] OR J Exp Mar Biol Ecol [ta] OR J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process [ta] OR J Exp Zool [ta] OR J Exp Zool A Comp Exp Biol [ta] OR J Exp Zool A Ecol Genet Physiol [ta] OR J Exp Zool B Mol Dev Evol [ta] OR J Exp Zool Suppl [ta] OR J Feline Med Surg [ta] OR J Fish Biol [ta] OR J Fish Dis [ta] OR J Mammal [ta] OR J Med Entomol [ta] OR J Med Vet Mycol [ta] OR J Poult Sci [ta] OR J S Afr Vet Assoc [ta] OR J S Afr Vet Med Assoc [ta] OR J Small Anim Pract [ta] OR J Venom Anim Toxins Incl Trop Dis [ta] OR J Vet Behav [ta] OR J Vet Cardiol [ta] OR J Vet Dent [ta] OR J Vet Diagn Invest [ta] OR J Vet Emerg Crit Care San Antonio [ta] OR J Vet Intern Med [ta] OR J Vet Med Educ [ta] OR J Vet Med Sci [ta] OR J Vet Med A Physiol Pathol Clin Med [ta] OR J Vet Med B Infect Dis Vet Public Health [ta] OR J Vet Pharmacol Ther [ta] OR J Vet Sci [ta] OR J Wildl Dis [ta] OR J Zoo Wildl Med [ta] OR J Zool [ta] OR Jikken Dobutsu [ta] OR Jpn J Vet Res [ta] OR Korean J Food Sci Anim Resour [ta] OR Lab Anim [ta] OR Lab Anim Care [ta] OR Lab Anim NY [ta] OR Lab Anim Sci [ta] OR Lab Anim Res[ta] OR Learn Behav [ta] OR Mamm Genome [ta] OR Mammalia [ta] OR Mar Genomics [ta] OR Med Mycol [ta] OR Med Vet Entomol [ta] OR Med Weter [ta] OR Mod Vet Pract [ta] OR Mol Mar Biol Biotechnol [ta] OR Monatsh Veterinarmed [ta] OR Mont Wildl [ta] OR N Z Vet J [ta] OR Natl Inst Anim Health Q Tokyo [ta] OR Nippon Juigaku Zasshi [ta] OR Nord Vet Med [ta] OR North Am Vet [ta] OR Onderstepoort J Vet Res [ta] OR Onderstepoort J Vet Sci Anim Ind [ta] OR Open Vet J [ta] OR Pathol Vet [ta] OR Physiol Biochem Zool [ta] OR Physiol Zool [ta] OR Pol Arch Weter [ta] OR Pol J Vet Sci [ta] OR Poult Sci [ta] OR Prev Vet Med [ta] OR Probl Vet Med [ta] OR Proc Anim Care Panel [ta] OR Proc Annu Meet U S Anim Health Assoc [ta] OR Prog Vet Microbiol Immunol [ta] OR Rec Med Vet Ec Alfort [ta] OR Reprod Domest Anim [ta] OR Res Vet Sci [ta] OR Rev Bras Parasitol Vet [ta] OR Rev Elev Med Vet Pays Trop [ta] OR Rev Med Vet Toulouse [ta] OR Rev Sci Tech [ta] OR Rev Suisse Zool [ta] OR S Afr J Anim Sci [ta] OR Scand J Lab Anim Sci [ta] OR Schweiz Arch Tierheilkd [ta] OR Semin Vet Med Surg Small Anim [ta] OR Soc Anim [ta] OR Syst Zool [ta] OR Theriogenology [ta] OR Tierarztl Prax [ta] OR Tierarztl Prax Ausg G Grosstiere Nutztiere [ta] OR Tierarztl Prax Ausg K Kleintiere Heimtiere[ta] OR Tierarztl Prax Suppl [ta] OR Tierarztl Umsch [ta] OR Tijdschr Diergeneeskd [ta] OR Top Companion Anim Med [ta] OR Transbound Emerg Dis [ta] OR Transl Anim Sci [ta] OR Trop Anim Health Prod [ta] OR Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis [ta] OR Vet Anaesth Analg [ta] OR Vet Anim Sci [ta] OR Vet Bull [ta] OR Vet Clin North Am [ta] OR Vet Clin North Am Equine Pract [ta] OR Vet Clin North Am Exot Anim Pract [ta] OR Vet Clin North Am Food Anim Pract [ta] OR Vet Clin North Am Large Anim Pract [ta] OR Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract [ta] OR Vet Clin Pathol [ta] OR Vet Comp Oncol [ta] OR Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol [ta] OR Vet Dermatol [ta] OR Vet Herit [ta] OR Vet Hist [ta] OR Vet Historisch Genoot Cah [ta] OR Vet Hum Toxicol [ta] OR Vet Immunol Immunopathol [ta] OR Vet Ital [ta] OR Vet J [ta] OR Vet Med [ta] OR Vet Med Int[ta] OR Vet Med Nauki [ta] OR Vet Med Praha [ta] OR Vet Med Rev [ta] OR Vet Med Sci [ta] OR Vet Med Small Anim Clin [ta] OR Vet Microbiol [ta] OR Vet Ophthalmol [ta] OR Vet Parasitol [ta] OR Vet Parasitol X [ta] OR Vet Pathol [ta] OR Vet Pathol Suppl [ta] OR Vet Q [ta] OR Vet Radiol Ultrasound [ta] OR Vet Rec [ta] OR Vet Rec Open [ta] OR Vet Res [ta] OR Vet Res Commun [ta] OR Vet Res Forum [ta] OR Vet Sci [ta] OR Vet Surg [ta] OR Vet Ther [ta] OR Vedt World [ta] OR Veterinaria [ta] OR Veterinarian [ta] OR Veterinariia [ta] OR Veterinarstvi [ta] OR Vic Vet Proc [ta] OR Wien Tierarztl Monatsschr [ta] OR Wildl Dis [ta] OR Worlds Poult Sci J [ta] OR Z Tierphysiol Tierernahr Futtermittelkd [ta] OR Z Tierzuecht Zuechtungsbiol [ta] OR Z Versuchstierkd [ta] OR Z Wiss Zool [ta] OR Zebrafish [ta] OR Zentralbl Veterinarmed A [ta] OR Zentralbl Veterinarmed B [ta] OR Zentralbl Veterinarmed C [ta] OR Zoo Biol [ta] OR Zool Sci Contrib N Y Zool Soc [ta] OR Zool Zhurnal [ta] OR Zoolog Sci [ta] OR Zoology Jena [ta] OR Zoonoses Public Health [ta] OR Zoonoses Res [ta] OR Zootaxa[ta] OR Zuchthygiene [ta]) OR clinical trials, veterinary as topic[mh] OR clinical trial, veterinary[pt] OR observational study, veterinary [pt]